When one thinks of an engineering design education, that person does not likely know what this field of expertise includes. Engineering design is a vast and varied field. This public service includes but is not limited to residential, commercial, and industrial sectors.
Areas of Expertise for Structural Engineers include:
-Mechanical Engineering design, including HVAC systems
– Commercial hood exhaust systems
– Fire protection engineering and system design
– Medical gas piping
– Fire alarm systems
– Energy code and LEED
– Plumbing engineering design
– Challenges in structural design
– Regional construction standards like the Coastal Construction Standards, and FEMA standards
– Sustainable design
He or she who has obtained a degree in structural engineering finds that they are working in a branch of civil engineering. However, this profession is diverse. A great deal of the structural engineers does is in the designing of structures such as bridges, tunnels, and buildings. This professional earned the right through many years of higher education to consult architects and contractors on major projects across the United States and Internationally.
This professional is responsible for working with the architecture or designer after that person designs the layout of the structure. They must calculate loads of the structure such as wind, forces of nature, snow, and rain. After all, of this is taken into consideration this engineer must decide what system of materials to use in the structure. These systems can consist of masonry, wood, steel, concrete and other material appropriate for the project. The engineer must decide what support the structure’s needs, what materials to make them, and where to place the supports.
A simpler way to understand what this professional does is to consider what they need to do to make the structure stand the test of time, with durability and longevity. They decide how this structure will support its overall weight and the forces that surround the structure safely.
Not only does this professional erect new structures they have a part in the demolition of the same structures. This demolition can be due to repairs needed or just an elimination of the structure.
Though structural engineers participate in the design of new buildings, they are sometimes involved in the demolition or dismantling of a structure, either permanently or to repair it. They also inspect structures, both during and after construction to ensure that the structure is correct, safe, and sound.
After four years of higher education, and a minimum of a bachelor’s degree, he or she obtains the needed credentials. This professional must then pass a state exam to become licensed to practice as a registered engineer.
Included in the following is a breakdown of some of the branches of structural engineering design.